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Amid Recovery, Construction Employment Sees Year-Over-Year Declines

Construction employment decreased from March 2020 to March 2021 in 203, or 57 percent, of the nation’s metro areas, according to an analysis by the Associated General Contractors of America of government employment data. Association officials said that the industry’s broader recovery in many parts of the country is being hampered by rising materials prices, supply chain disruptions and project cancellations.

“Nearly twice as many metros have lost construction jobs as gained them in the past 12 months, even though homebuilding has recovered strongly and the overall economy is in much better shape than it was a year ago,” says Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist. “Nonresidential construction is still at risk of further declines in much of the country.”

Losses by metro area

By job losses

  • Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas: -31,000 jobs, -13 percent
  • New York City:  -24,000 jobs, -15 percent
  • Midland, Texas: -10,000 jobs, -26 percent
  • Odessa, Texas: -8,000 jobs, -39 percent
  • Nassau County-Suffolk County, N.Y.: -7,900 jobs, -10 percent

By percentage decrease

  • Odessa, Texas: -39 percent, -8,000 jobs
  • Lake Charles, La.: -35 percent, -6,800 jobs
  • Midland, Texas: -26 percent, -10,000 jobs
  • Longview, Texas: -24 percent, -3,600 jobs
  • Greeley, Colo.: -21 percent, -4,100 jobs

Only 104, or 29 percent, out of 358 metro areas added construction jobs during the past 12 months, while construction employment was stagnant in 51 metro areas.

Gains by metro area

By job gains

  • Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash.: +5,300 jobs, +5 percent
  • Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, Ind.: +4,300 jobs, +8 percent
  • Austin-Round-Rock, Texas: +4,000 jobs, +6 percent
  • Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, Calif.: +3,200 jobs, +5 percent
  • Ogden-Clearfield, Utah: +3,100 jobs, +15 percent

By percentage increase

  • Sierra Vista-Douglas, Ariz.: +35 percent, +900 jobs
  • Fargo, N.D.-Minn.: +24 percent, +1,800 jobs
  • Cleveland, Tenn.: +16 percent, +300 jobs
  • Niles-Benton Harbor, Mich.: +15 percent, +300 jobs
  • Ogden-Clearfield, Utah: +15 percent, +3,100 jobs

Association officials said that construction firms were being squeezed by rapidly rising materials prices while they are unable to charge more for construction projects amid broader market uncertainties caused by the pandemic. They urged federal officials to ease tariffs on key construction materials, including steel and lumber, to address materials prices and to boost investments in infrastructure to boost demand.

“Construction employment is not going to rebound in many parts of the country while firms are struggling to afford the materials they need to complete existing projects,” says Stephen E. Sandherr, the association’s chief executive officer. “Once federal officials take immediate and effective steps to address both spiking prices and lagging demand, employment levels should rebound in more of the country.”